Objective: To assess agreement between transcutaneous carbon dioxide (TcCO2) monitoring and blood gas analysis in neonates.
Study Design: This was a prospective observational study performed in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. 19 infants with a mean postmenstrual age of 35+3 weeks were included. Agreement was assessed by Bland-Altman analysis and concordance correlation coefficient. End-user feedback was collected from staff and infants were assessed for evidence of skin damage.
Results: Overall bias from 698 paired samples was -0.30 (SD 1.21, p<0.0001) with good concordance (CCC 0.80). 69% (95% CI 65%-72%, p=0.0003) of samples fell within the predefined clinically acceptable difference of 1kPa. Agreement was more favorable for non-invasively ventilated infants (bias -0.11, CCC 0.91). Staff feedback was positive, and no infants suffered skin damage.
Conclusion: TcCO2 monitoring is a reliable assessment tool for both invasively and non-invasively ventilated neonates. It can be used as an adjunct to blood gas analysis, reducing the frequency of invasive blood tests.
Keywords: Neonate; Transcutaneous Monitoring; Rspiration; Blood Gas Analysis